James W Swann, 1 Barbara J Skelly 2
1 Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, 2 Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Abstract: Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is one of the most common manifestations of canine immune-mediated disease, yet treatment regimens remain nonstandardized and, in some cases, controversial. The main reason for this, as for most diseases in veterinary medicine, is the lack of large-scale placebo-controlled trials so that the efficacy of one treatment over another can be established. Most of the evidence used for treatment comes from retrospective studies and from personal preference and experience, and because of this, treatment regimens tend to vary among institutions and individual clinicians. Management of immune-mediated hemolytic anemia includes immunosuppression, thromboprophylaxis, and supportive care measures to help prevent and treat concurrent conditions.
Keywords: IMHA, canine immune-mediated disease, management regimens